THIS township is bounded on the north by Carbon county on the east by Moore township on the south by Allen township and Lehigh county, and it is watered by Indian Creek, a also on the west by the same county branch of the Hokendaqua, and by other small streams which flow into the Lehigh River. The Lehigh Water Gap, at the northwestern corner of, the county, where the river flows between the headlands of the Blue Mountain, is a point of great interest to tourist and geologist. There is also within the limits of the township, another mountain gap, called by the Germans, Die Kleine Kaft, or Little Gap. Lehigh township originally extended from the Lehigh River as far east as the old Minisink road, on the eastern line of Bushkill, and was, until 1752, called the "Adjacents of Allen." Its present metes and bounds were finally fixed in 1765. The earliest record of this part of Northampton county, is one touching the surveys and laying out (in 1735, by order of Thomas Penn) of 6,500 acres, of land on which he designed to settle all the Forks Indians; which tract, hence, was known as the Indian Land. Penns project was never realized. This and the Manor of Fermor were the only Proprietaries reservations in present Northampton county. This township suffered much during the Indian war, and at times was almost depopulated; the inhabitants fleeing to Bethlehem and Nazareth, for safety and protection. Benjamin Franklin, on his way from Bethlehem to Gnadenhutten (Weissport), in January, 1756, writes from the first place as follows: As we drew near this place, we met a number of wagons and many people moving off with their effects from the Irish settlement and Lehigh township. Franklin was about setting out with seven companies of Provincials, in command of Captains Foulke, Mclaughlin, and Wayne, to build Fort Allen. The family of Driesbach was prominent in this section before as well as during the Revolution. James Dreisbach was-Colonel of the 3d Battalion of Militia, in 1775, and Simon, a member of Assembly, from 1776 to 1779. The first settlers of Lehigh township were Germans, as was the case in a majority of the townships of Northampton. A few were here at it very early date, and it has been said by some, that they had established a church here prior to the organization of the church at Craig's settlement, in Allen; but there is doubt as to the truth of this statement. Certain it is, however that the settlement in Lehigh, though small in number, was among the first in the county. In the year 1740, it numbered only thirty souls. During the following decade, they received accession by immigrations from the Palatinate, and in 1850, the population was over one hundred, which at the end of twenty years (1770,), had been increased to three hundred and fifty. In the year 1773, the valuation of real estate in Lehigh was £853, and the total amount of taxes was £10 3s. 4d. There were then eighty-eight taxable persons, and ten single men, in the township, which also contained three grist-mills, owned respectively by Thomas Wilson, Jost Driesbach, and George Driesbach, of whom, the last named, also owned a saw-mill; and there was another saw-mill, and an oil-mill, of which the names of the owners are not known. In 1780, the population exceeded 500 in the year 1800 it was 884 in 1820, the number of inhabitants was 1,550 in 1830, 1,659 in 1840, 2,049 in 1850 it reached 2,343 these being comprised in 427 families the number of dwelling houses being 400, the number of farms 149 The township then produced 5,545 bushels wheat 22,128 bushels rye 19,779 bushels corn 14,132 bushels oats 4,241 bushels buckwheat 18,292 bushels potatoes 33,850 pounds of butter 1,787 tons of hay Following are statistics of the township ASSESSSMENT OF 1833 Valuation of Real Estate, 15,815 Acres of Land, averaged at $23.80 per acre, $376,395 00 Valuation of Occupations and Professions, 46,704 00 Excess of, ditto, 3,000 00 Value of Pleasure Carriages (151 carriages), 6,645 00 Value of Horses and Cattle (398 horses, 663 cows) 25,375 00 Value of Stocks of Bank 7,450 00 Moneys at Interest, 45,900 00 State Tax, 1,399 01 County Tax, 1,211 98 School Tax, 950 00 Road Tax, 1,000 00 One Church (Lutheran and Reformed), 1,000 seats cost, 2,600 00 One Church (Methodist), 200 seats cost, 700 00 __________ __________ Number of Taxables, 568 Schools, 12 Teachers, 12 Scholars, 876 And there were within the township at that time 19 stores 12 taverns 5 grist-mill 6 saw-mills 1 tannery 1 clover-mill 1 hulling-mill 2 distilleries 2 slate factories, 1 slate quarry The population of Lehigh township at the last census was 3,496. It contains, at the present time, five churches one Lutheran three Evangelical one United Brethren, one Catholic sixteen school houses nine stores eight grist-mills two slate factories nine slate quarries. SLATE QUARRIES. The Little Gap Slate Quarry, at Danielsville, was started by Owen Jones and Owen Williams, on the property of Mr John Henry. Charles B. Daniels bought the lease of them in 1848, and worked it, in connection with his Christian Springs Quarry, until 1862 or 1863, when he sold it to William Henry Harper, who is still working it. While Mr. Daniels operated it, he also owned most of the property in the vicinity; and as he was working it extensively, getting out from 12,000 to 15,000 squares per year, and employing a large number of men, he erected several buildings near by, adding so much to the prosperity of the place, that the inhabitants, in gratitude to him, named it Danielsville. The Heimbach Quarry, leased by Caskil & Emack, employs from eighty to one hundred hands. They manufacture school, roof, and mantel slate, and find their market principally in Europe. The Eagle Quarry, operated by Hower Brothers, is located about four miles east of Slatington, and two northeast of Cherryville. The Hower Brothers employ about eighty hands at their works. Market-United States and Europe 251 Roberts & Griffith are running the Harper Quarry, which is located four miles east of Slatington, and one south of the mountain. Market -United States and Europe. First, National, or Henrys Quarry, leased and operated by Roberts & Lerch, is located one mile southeast of Danielsville, and seven east of Slatington. Twenty hands are employed by this firm. Market-UnitedStates and Europe. The Welsh Quarry, owned by William P. Williams, of Rockville, was opened during the year, and is now forty-five feet deep. The slate of this quarry are equal to any in the country, and never fade. H. W. Harper's slate factory is located four miles east of Slatington, and two southeast of Danielsville. It turns out about 2,000 cases a year, which are sold principally in America. Mr. Abraham Lerch is now operating a slate factory which turns out about 3,000 cases of slate per year, which find a ready market in fill parts, of the world. He is also proprietor of one of the largest stores in Lehigh township, Mr. Lerch commenced business here in 1840. EARLY CHURCH ORGANIZATION. There was a church organization in existence in this township in 1762, during the reign of George the Third. The gospel, at this time, was supplied by the Rev. Johannes Andrew Frederick, and the elders were Michael Keppel, Conrad Genisel, and Jacob Roth. The first child baptized was William Weldon, A. D. 1762. It seems they were without, a church at this time, but, erected one in 1772, ten years later. The minister who preached in 1772 was John Conrad Steiner, and the Elders Jacob Bowman Jacob Leinberger Nicholas Snyder John Balliet The third church has been erected during the past year, on the site where the others stood of 1772, This is the old Indian Land Church.