THE Borough of Bangor embraces within its limits a tract of five hundred and fifty acres, of ground, situated in the northern part of Washington township, on Martins Creek, and also being on the line of the proposed South Mountain Railroad, fourteen miles from Easton. The town owes its existence to the discovery, and successful working of the slate quarries, at and around that point. About eleven years ago, R. M. Jones, Esq., from Caernarvonshire, North Wales a practical geologist and slate-quarrying expert, followed the slate strata from the Delaware river to this Point, and finding here combined, the three indispensable conditions for profitable slate production, viz: slate, soft and tough in quality, unlimited in quantity, and lying in a good and accessible location, he, in company with Jacob P. Scholl, of Bethlehem, and Samuel Straub of Bath, purchased the farm of P. Labar, and, on the first of August 1866, these gentlemen (having associated with them, Messrs. Salad. Lewis, of Allentown; Francis Weiss and E. T. Foster, of Bethlehem; and A. L. Foster, of Mauch Chunk); commenced quarrying, under the superintendency of Mr. Jones. The name of Bangor, was given to the quarry and the locality, on account of the similarity of their natural features, to those of the town arid quarries if Bangor, in Wales. The Elmira Slate Quarry, the second opened, is situated on property bought by E. R. Wheeler and C. Smith, of Elmira, N, Y., from R. M. Jones, is on the northwest side ofthe valley, opposite the Bangor Quarry. The North Bangor Slate Manufacturing Companys quarry, adjoining the Elmira Quarry, was opened by R. M. Jones and Adam R. Reese, in 1871, who transferred an interest to John Brown, of Easton, who is at present working the quarry. Hugh H. Preichard, superintendent. The Washington Slate Quarry was opened about 1869, by Philip Labar. William Bennett is the present superintendent. The Empire Slate Quarry was opened by G R. Labar, who sold it, for $8,500, to F. Hegeman and P. W. Money; they through R. M. Jones, sold it to Leinbach & Wooley, for $26,000, Jan. 3d, 1874. Shortly afterwards, they sold it for $125,000, to ex-Governor Brown of Florida, who now operates the quarry successfully. The Upper Bangor Slate Quarry was opened by W. & J. Bennett, who sold it to Moses M. Jones and William Brown, and it is now owned by M. K & R. M. Jones, S. B. Chase, Rev. James M. Salmon and G. W. Mackey, who are preparing for business under a charter, with a capital stock of $126,000. This, as well as the quarries before mentioned, are within the limits of the Borough of Bangor, which is entirely underlaid to an undefined depth with a quality of roofing and school slate, equal, if not superior to any in this country. There are some eight or nine quarries being worked, adjoining the borough line. The quantity of roofing slate produced at Bangor, is immense; an idea of the great magnitude of this trade, can only be obtained by a personal visit to this borough. The production during 1876, amounted to nearly 80,000 squares, the greater part of which was shipped to England, arid the demand is constantly increasing. There is a large deposit of very fine blue flagging-stone, on farms, of R. M. Jones, which will be developed, and become a great source of income when either of the proposed railroads (the South Mountain or the Martins Creek) are completed. Bangor contains three hotels five grocery and dry goods stores one shoe store one drug store, kept by E. P. Lutz PICTURE OF CENTENNIAL DRUG STORE APPEARS HERE one grist-mill two blacksmith shops one tailor shop six churches a population of about 1,000 inhabitants, the greater portion of whom are engaged in the different branches of the peculiar industry of the place. The mechanics employed in manufacturing slate, are chiefly Welsh and English people, who do honor to their nationalities by their industry and moral conduct. They built, during 1874, four fine churches, viz: First Presbyterian Welsh Presbyterian Welsh Congregational English Methodist Episcopal Church THE FIRST PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH Was erected in 1874. It is situated on Second street, near Market. The first pastor was Rev. James H. Salmon. THE WELSH PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH Is located on First street. It was erected in 1874. Rev. Morgan A. Bills, was its first pastor. Services are conducted in the Welsh language. 225 THE WELSH CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH On First and Market streets, was erected in 1874, First pastor, Rev. John Williams. THE ENGLISH METHODIST CHURCH On Third street, near Pennsylvania Avenue, was built in 1874. Rev. Robinson, pastor. There are also one Evangelical and one Mennonite, Church, in Bangor. PUBLIC SCHOOLS. There are five public schools in the borough. The present Board of School Directors, is as follows: S. H. Saeger, President Amos Buzzard, Secretary William H. Snyder, Treasurer B. F. Flory John Wolf Wm. Bennett HOTELS. The Broadway Hotel, corner of Broadway and Main streets, was built by W. H. & Christian Spear, in 1871. PICTURE OF BROADWAY HOTEL APPEARS HERE The first proprietor was S. Anthony; the present landlord is G.A.M. Hower. AMERICAN HOTEL. Was erected in 1869, by Philip Labar, who was the, first landlord. The present proprietor is S. Smith of Bethlehem, N. J. THE BANGOR HOTEL Was purchased by the Bangor Slate Company, in 1866, First landlord, Israel Meninger. The present owner is Joseph Haugh. ODD FELLOWS. Prosperity Lodge, No. 661 -Was instituted April 23d, 1869, with twenty charter members. The first officers were Peter F. Allen, Noble Grand Joseph A. Long, Vice Grand John Long, Secretary Geo W. Heil, Assistant Secretary John Slack, Treasurer. Present number of members, 153; valuation of Lodge property, $2,882,62. The incorporation of Bangor, being of so recent a date, and the events of its short career being so closely interwoven with those of the slate interests of its vicinity, the borough cannot be said to have any history distinct from that of the quarrying enterprise, to which it owes its existence.